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Mauldin & Jenkins Financial Institutions Newsletter  |  October  2020
 
Decisions Today Hold Significance for Banks' Post-Pandemic Position

Jim Vaughn, CPA | Mauldin & Jenkins, LLC

Ever since the COVID-19 pandemic hit last winter, much of life feels somewhat unreal. With normal workplace routines disrupted, kitchen tables transformed into classrooms, and social distancing everywhere, it’s easy to assume that this strange period exists outside in its own world. But while 2020 is certainly not a typical year, how banking institutions respond to current conditions creates a very real impact on the strength of their future positions.

Bank leaders should carefully monitor the following areas as they determine next moves and try to safely navigate their organizations through turbulent waters.

Commercial Mortgage-backed Securities
While the overall CMBS delinquency rate has dropped somewhat from its June peak, the rate is still worrisomely elevated at around 9%. That represents a slight decrease from August numbers. However, the share of newly delinquent loans edged up, which does not portend well for autumn. Lodging remains the hardest hit, with retail loans also exceeding average default rates by a big margin.

Virus Vulnerability by Industry
As certain industries are much more sensitive to the economic effects of the virus, banking institutions should carefully review outstanding loans by sector. Hotels and shopping centers that lack grocery, pharmacy, or discount anchor tenants top the list of most vulnerable. Restaurants are hurting too, particularly as colder weather approaches and brings with it an end to outdoor dining, although many take-out concerns are doing quite well. Recreation facilities, fitness centers, country clubs, and churches are also especially exposed to financial loss.

Current Expected Credit Loss Allowances
In comparing 2020 CECL allowances for certain public banks to the more familiar incurred loss model used last year, some differences leap out. First, we note that 23% of issuers who would have been subject to CECL chose to delay adoption. Those issuers that did adopt had an average increase of 36.4% in their allowance. Additionally, those who adopted the new standard have a higher allowance to total loans and also have higher provision expenses for the first two fiscal quarters, illustrating the earlier recognition of estimated and potential future losses. Bank leaders should be aware of potential changes as they move to the new standard.

Impairments
Economic turmoil makes it more critical than ever for banks to be on the lookout for potential impairments to goodwill, MSRs, and deferred tax assets. For many, COVID-19 may itself constitute a triggering event. Management should evaluate potential triggers early and often to determine whether any have in fact resulted in impairment:
  • Macroeconomic conditions (Note that the August unemployment rate was 8.4% vs. January’s rate of under 4%)
  • Industry and market conditions
  • Overall financial performance
  • Sustained decrease in Share Price A

Subsequent Event Rules
Events that take place after balance sheets are created can have a meaningful impact on the organization’s financial picture. These subsequent events occur in two basic types, which should be governed by the following rules, respectively:
Type 1: Events that provide additional evidence with respect to conditions that existed at the date of the balance sheet and information becomes available prior to issuance of financial statements (e.g. OREO appraisal): Book it.

Type 2: Events that provide additional evidence with respect to conditions that did not exist at balance sheet date (e.g. capital stock raise): Disclose it.
Ron Mitchell, CPA
Financial Institutions Practice Leader

As we begin to try and get our economy and local communities back open and comfortable with masks and social distancing, the world continues to change, but as a country we are reacting and adapting to these new norms. We will get through these unprecedented times and come out stronger on the other side.

Mauldin & Jenkins remains committed to helping our clients through this unprecedented time, and to that end, we refer you to our website which continues to be updated for the latest information on programs designed to help individuals and businesses get through this time.

Please feel free to reach out to us if you have any questions or needs that we can help you with.
 

PPP Loans
Paycheck Protection Program loans raise numerous questions and concerns for banks. In accounting and reporting these loans, banks should be aware that:
  • Advances from PPP should be accounted for as a loan
  • SBA guaranty is embedded and should be considered in estimating credit loss
  • Accounting for loan origination fees is under ASC 310-20, which updates SFAS 91

In regard to loan forgiveness, lenders must request payment from the SBA when the lender issues its decision to the SBA. Banks should account for the loan as an interest-bearing loan through receipt of payment from either the borrower or the SBA.

Tax Updates
The CARES Act passed by Congress temporarily reinstates the carryback provision on net operating losses for corporations, allowing a 5-year carryback for NOL generated in up to three tax years beginning between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2020. Also, changes in tax rates may create book income or losses as a result of shifting valuation of DTAs. Bank leaders should be aware that the new lease and loan loss allowance accounting standards are likely to create larger DTA valuations.

Loan Modifications
The OCC Reference Guide is a valuable resource to help bank managers distinguish between loans for which section 4013 of the CARES Act applies and those where the Revised Statement is more appropriate. For others, the Guide advises banks to follow existing policies in determining whether loan modifications should be treated as a TDR.

Besides specific provisions to help residential and commercial mortgage borrowers experiencing financial distress, the CARES Act also encourages banks to work with borrowers “prudently” and offer flexibility throughout this (limited) time. The way banks interpret this responsibility and handle interactions with borrowers will affect not only the financials of the institution, but also the health of these client relationships. Goodwill fostered here (or not) can help or hurt banks as the nation leaves the pandemic behind and enters a post-COVID period.  

From market and industry disruptions to government efforts to mitigate the financial hit on businesses and consumers, unique conditions this year call for thoughtful decisions and sound strategy. More than ordinary caution is warranted as banks meet the challenges of this sensitive time, and the experienced advisors at Mauldin & Jenkins are here to help you find solutions.

 
 

WEBINAR:
Ask Anything! COVID-19: Be Prepared. How Today's Decisions Impact the Future

Monday, October 26, 2020, at 10:00 AM (EST)
Join Mauldin & Jenkins as we cover topics of interest to financial institutions CEOs. We will cover current economic trends, PPP issues, ALL trends, loan modifications, and a brief summary of changes in tax law.
 
VISIT OUR M&J'S FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PAGE TO SEE EVEN MORE ADVISORY SERVICE OFFERINGS AND TO LEARN MORE ABOUT EACH ONE...

M&J Stimulus Consulting

To better help our clients navigate the loan forgiveness process, reduce their compliance burden, and avoid risk, we are offering Stimulus Consulting Services.

To learn more about these services and how we can help, please click here.

Should you have any additional questions, please contact your relationship Partner regarding your PPP Loan Forgiveness Application.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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